The Hearth Tax 1666

What was the Hearth Tax ?

The Hearth Tax was levied on the population during the period 1662 – 1688. It was a tax based on the number of hearths (Fireplaces). Each hearth was rated at two shillings per year and the payment was collected in two installments, Lady Day (25th March) and at Michaelmas (29th September). Persons who occupied premises that were worth less than 20 shillings a year or who owned property that was valued at less than £10.00 were exempt. The poor of the parish were also exempt. The tax was collected by the Constable who submitted his accounts to the Justices of the Peace.

The List of Taxpayers and Persons Not Chargeable

The listing begins with the village of Caverswall, the first person on the list is William Jolly (Jollife) the owner of Caverswall Castle.

Caverswall Village

 

Name :Hearths Chargeable :
Mr William Jolly and his tenant 

Thomas Harte


            20
Mr Thomas Porter            
5
William Heath            
George Brassington            
3
William Cooper            
1
William Tooth            
5
Joane Walter            
1
Thomas Kilford            
3
Anne Heath            
1
William Tooth            
1
Robert Sale            
1
Mr Henery Haworth            
5
Isabell Baddely            
1
John Watson            
3
Mr Raph Brown            
5
John Limaxxe            
1
William Walter            
1
Thomas Cookes            
3
Raph Fisher            
2
Goodman Robinson            
1
John Worriloe            
2
Richard Wood            
2
Mr James Cressall            
5
Widow Hill            
1
Roger Machin            
1
Widow Honde            
1
Thomas Beech            
1
Mrs Eliz Worriloe            
2

Meare Hamlett

Name :Hearths Chargeable :
John Beech formerly Randle Meare          4
Widdow Willot          2
Roger Morrice          1
Thomas Andsill          1
Henry Wright          2
William Dawson          1

Weston Coyney

The listing begins with John Coyney Esq who lived at Weston Coyney Hall. The fourth person on the listing is  George Parker Esq who lived at Park Hall.

Name :Hearths Chargeable :
John Coyney Esquire             
10
Mr Edward Maxfeild                
5
John Bushton               
2
George Parker Esquire              
10
George Wood               
7
Henry Cooke               
1
Thomas Cotten               
1
Robert Hulme et filius               
2
Joseph Wilson               
1
Phill Fernyhough               
2
John Adshed               
1
Robert Steele               
1
John Sikes               
1
John Maiden               
1
Ann Barloe               
1
John Wells               
1
Raph Spooner               
1
John Candewell               
1
Raph Lauton               
1
Richard Cooper               
1
William Chaterley               
1
Mr Thomas Lees               
1
William Hollins               
1
William Caldon               
1
John Lees               
1
Raph Lees               
1
Widdow Brassington               
1
Thomas Ibbs               
1
Francis Wilson               
1

Hulme Hamlett

Name : Hearths Chargeable : 
John Wood                 
4
Raph Austen                 
3
Peter Shaw                
2
Thomas Rowley                 
5
George Willot                
2
John Shelly                
1
John Wood                
3
Thomas Allen                
2
James Harvey                
1
William Harvey                
3
Thomas Ginder                
3
John Vize                
2
William Twyford                
1
Thomas Shaw                
1
William Tanuns                
1

Persons Not Chargeable Under The Act

Thomas
Ibbs
John
Locker
Thomas
Meller
Raph
Barloe
Thomas
Cooper
William
Fernihough
John
Cooper
John
Harrisson
Hugh LeesOliver
Clarke Senier
William
Tooth Jnr
Robert
Steele
Mary
Stailey
Ellen Lees
Thomas
Coyney
William
Dawson
Richard
Cooper
William
Tanuns
Richard
Steele
Margret
Browne
Nicolis
Foxe
Luke
Ashford
William
Hollins
Georg
Fernihough
Robert
Cooper
John
Boardman
Ellen WallJohn Evans
Richard
Beech
Georg
Horne
Margrett
Nutt
Thomas
Bloore
John HulmeThomas
T`pper
Thomas
Shaw
Raph
Cooper
James
Cooke
Thomas
Torry
William
Radlocke

By John Burtonshaw, Minister, John Worriloe, Robert Mellor, Church Wardens.

Allowed by George Parker, Jonathon Woodenoth, John Whitehall,
Justices of the Peace.

By George Hulme, Constable.`

(References : Collections for a History of Staffordshire edited by the William Salt Archaeological Society. Historical Collections 30 Staffordshire 1925 S-106. Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History 1997)

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